Shamrocks, snakes and how a British slave became the patron saint of Ireland

Erin goes bragh! St. Patrick's Day is almost here, and protests in honor of the patron saint of Ireland will take place all over the world this weekend.Recognized every year since the 1700s, the famous Irish people its heritage and culture on St. Patrick's Day growing as a commercial occasion rather than a religious event in recent years. While Ireland embraces its patron saint by organizing vibrant green parades, wearing clubs and sporting more Of Irish flags that usually, celebrations also take place in other countries of the world including United Kingdom, United States, Egypt and Australia. Here's everything you need to know about St. Patrick's Day, from the patron saint himself to Irish recipes and world celebrations.

When is the St. Patrick's Day 2019?

St. Patrick's Day, the patron saint of Ireland, falls every year on March 17. The first parade in the name of the saint took place in Boston in 1737, followed by the first "official" parade in New York in 1766. The celebration of St. Patrick's Day was then extended to Dublin and other US cities. and has gained popularity in recent years elsewhere in Europe and Asia.

Who was St. Patrick?

The exact birthplace of St. Patrick is unknown and debated. Born under the name of Maewyn Succat around AD 385 AD in England, Scotland, and Wales, the patron saint was captured by Irish pirates at the age of 16 and brought to Ireland As a slave, Patrick was held captive for six years. years and have come closer to spirituality and prayer during this period of isolation. After a voice in his dream told him that it was time to leave Ireland, Patrick managed to flee his master and return to Britain to continue studying Christianity. Shortly after his return home, an angel in Patrick's dream told him to return to Ireland as a missionary, he then went to Gaul to study religious instruction under Germanus, bishop of Auxerre. Later, he ordered a bishop and returned to Ireland, Patrick began his mission of spreading the Christian message. During this period, Patrick converted thousands of people to Christianity and built churches, schools, and monasteries across the country. Legende suggests that Patrick used the three-leaf shamrock to explain the Holy Trinity to his followers that the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit exist as individual elements of the combined entity. Although some experts claim that this story was invented centuries later, this story has given rise to the common practice of wearing the symbol on the day of the holiday. It is also thought that Patrick would have banned Irish snakes to help eliminate the evil and introduce a new age. But experts say that it is a myth because of the evidence that snakes have never existed in the country. Some say it was due to the icy waters of the Irish Sea, while others think that the cold has prevented snakes from traveling to Ireland from Britain or from far away. Around 431 CE, Patrick was named successor to St Palladius, the first bishop of Ireland. In his later years, he wrote about his spirituality and his life in his "Confession". Regarded as deceased on March 17, 461, Patrick's spiritual path led him to become a legendary figure, leaving behind a well-established church and an island of Christians. Today, his work is commemorated every year on March 17.

Symbols and images associated with Ireland and St. Patrick's Day

The colors of the Irish flag represent Catholicism (green) and Protestantism (orange), united by peace (white). Since the 18th century, green has also shown sympathy for Irish independence. Despite the growing popularity of shamrocks at St Patrick's, many have chosen to wear them on the day of the patron saint, he is historically associated with the Red Saltire of St. Patrick, presented in the United Kingdom flag. The patron saint of the Ireland is also associated with the blue color after the creation of the Order of St. Patrick in the 1780s made it the official color. "St Patrick's Blue" is on the Irish presidential standard and in the bear skin plume worn by the Irish Guards.

The leprechaun legend has also become a modern symbol of Ireland. Known for their evil behavior and leaving gold pots at the end of the rainbows, mythical creatures have a prominent place in the symbol of tourism and some people choose to wear costumes and leprechauns hats for the St. Patrick's Day parades. Dublin even has its own museum Leprechaun.

Saint Patrick's Day in Ireland

Unlike the days of St. David and St. George, St. Patrick's Day is a holiday in Ireland. It allows the Irish to fully adhere to the festivities. The Irish celebrate each year the feast of their patron saint by participating in parades and dressing in green, white and orange, the colors of the Irish flag. The famous Dublin St Patrick's Day Parade will take place on Sunday, March 17th this year, starting with Parnell Square, with live music and group concerts helping to convey the theme of the 2019 storytelling. Patrick ", has been observed by the Irish for over 1,000 years and families traditionally went to church in the morning, before celebrating with a dance, a drink and a feast of bacon and cabbage. Today, Irish stews and Guinness pints are often enjoyed as part of the celebration. No less than 13 million pints of Guinness are paid just for St. Patrick's Day, against 10 million glasses a day on average in the world. Indeed, $ 1.8 billion is sold each year and the Guinness Storehouse is located in the heart of St James's Gate, Dublin, and allows visitors to book a tour of the famous site. The most popular Irish toasts on St. Patrick's Day include: "Sláinte mhaith", which means "good health" in Irish Gaelic, and "that good St. Patrick protects you and the devil neglects you".

Other celebrations around the world

On March 17, millions of people around the world, even those who do not have Irish relations, celebrate St. Patrick's Day. In the United States, the White House recognized for the first time the Irish holiday and country relations more than 50 years ago, after President Harry Truman received a box of clovers from the ambassador of the United States. ;Ireland. In 1956, the first meeting of the President of St. Patrick's Day with the Irish Taioseach took place. Since the 1990s, the visit to the White House is held every year.

Taoiseach, Leo Varadkar, presents shamrocks to US President Donald Trump at the annual St. Patrick's Day White House ceremony in Washington, DC Credit: Brian Lawless / PA More

Every year, London presents Irish heritage and culture as part of its annual St. Patrick's Day Festival and Parade. While shows and food stalls can be enjoyed at Trafalgar Square, colorful floats, dancers and Irish communities cross the streets of the capital. This year, the festivities take place on Sunday, March 17th. In Tokyo, the "I Love Ireland" parade takes place over two days, on March 16 and 17, with dazzling costumes and fanfares. In New York, 150,000 people join the parade on Fifth Avenue in Manhattan. In fact, various celebrations are being held around the world to celebrate the legendary Irish figure, including parades in Sydney (Australia), Auckland (New Zealand) and Oslo (Norway). In the British West Indies, the island of Montserrat has a holiday for St. Patrick's Day and observes the patron saint with a festival and a parade of seven days. Nicknamed "The Emerald Isle" in memory of their Irish settlers, Montserrat even uses a green clover as an official passport stamp. Patrick's Day is also a holiday in the Canadian province of Newfoundland , where a significant number of Irish emigrated in the 18th and 19th centuries. In Chicago, their river has been traditionally tinged with bright green on March 17 since 1962, and thousands of them have come to town to visit one of St. Patrick's most famous landmarks.

Rowers navigate the Chicago River shortly after its green dye to celebrate St. Patrick's Day on March 17, 2018 in Chicago, Illinois. Credit: Scott Olson / Getty Images More

On March 17, other countries will join Chicago to turn their famous landmarks into green, including the London Eye and HMS Belfast in London, the Pyramids and the Sphinx in Egypt, the Burj Al Arab in Dubai, the city of Dubai. Sydney Opera House in Australia and the statue of the Redeemer in Rio de Janeiro. .

The best Irish recipes

The wonderfully tender beef and stew with Guinness from Clodagh McKennaBeau cooked in the beloved Irish beverage. This hearty winter dish is perfectly served with mashed potatoes or roasted potatoes.

Beef Stew Credit: The Picture Pantry / Alloy More

Red cabbage slowly cooked with apples and raisins Traditionally served with beef, pork or turkey, red cabbage brings a sweet flavor to all dishes and is eaten cold in sandwiches.

Red Cabbage Credit: Getty Images Continue

Barmbrack (báirín breac) by Rachel Allen This traditional Irish sweet bread, stuffed with sultanas, raisins or currants, is a delicious treat and can be enjoyed fresh, grilled or buttered.

Barmbrack, a traditional Irish fruit bread Photo: D and S Food Photography / Alamy More

The best Irish drinks

While Ireland is the favorite spot for a pint of Guinness, it also houses a range of famous alcoholic beverages, including Jameson whiskey and Irish cream liqueur. If Guinness does not tempt you, the Thinking Drinkers have selected the best alternatives to drink on St. Patrick's day, from traditional whiskey to post-Poitin.